The first black senators and representatives - in the 41st and 42nd Congress of the United States
Context: The ratification of the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments meant African Americans were eligible for the first time in U.S. history to be elected to Congress. This broadside depicts a number of black Republicans including: Hiram Rhodes Revels, born free in North Carolina. He was the first African American Senator in the U.S.; Benjamin Sterling Turner, born enslaved in North Carolina. He served one term as an Albama representative in the House of Representatives; Josiah Thomas Walls, born enslaved in Virginia, he served in the U.S. Colored Troops during the Civil War. He was elected to represent Florida in Congress; Joseph Hayne Rainey, born enslaved in South Carolina, was the first African American to serve in the U.S. House of Representatives and to preside over the House; Robert Brown Elliot was born in England and moved to South Carolina in 1867, he was eleccted to Congress; Robert Carlos De Large was born free in South Carolina an elected to the House of Representatives; Jefferson Franklin Long, born enslaved in Georgia, was the second African American elected to the U.S. House of Representatives and the first African American to speak on the House floor.
Context Written by: Dr. Prithi Kanakamedala
Source: The first colored senator and representatives - in the 41st and 42nd Congress of the United States, New York : Published by Currier & Ives, 1872. Library of Congress http://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/98501907/