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Context: This map was published in 1656 and shows the land claimed by the Netherlands, including New Amsterdam, which would soon by conquered by the English and renamed New York. In contrast to the Catawba Map above, the Dutch map illustrates European concerns, using geographic details to establish national territories and indicate the location of commercial resources--especially beaver pelts. However, it is also notable that by the 1650s Europeans still often portrayed Native Americans as relative equals. Note the inset of New Amsterdam on the bottom right (showing the southern tip of Manhattan, around the area that is now Battery Park) in comparison with the Mohican towns on the far left. The illustrations of a Dutch settler and Native American that flank the inset also indicate that this was mostly a period of cooperation and trade between the two groups. That would soon change as the expansion of English colonies led to increased conflict and warfare. 

 

Context by: Prof. Stephen Duncan

Internet Source: Library of Congress http://tile.loc.gov/image-services/iiif/service:gmd:gmd371:g3715:g3715:ct000001/full/pct:12.5/0/default.jpg

DRAFT: This module has unpublished changes.
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